Energy/Delay Trade-off of the GTS Allocation Mechanism in IEEE 802.15.4 for Wireless Sensor Networks
Ref: HURRAY-TR-060103 Publication Date: 1, Jan, 2006
Energy/Delay Trade-off of the GTS Allocation Mechanism in IEEE 802.15.4 for Wireless Sensor NetworksRef: HURRAY-TR-060103 Publication Date: 1, Jan, 2006
The IEEE 802.15.4 protocol proposes a flexible communication solution for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPAN) including wireless sensor networks (WSNs). It presents the advantage to fit different requirements of potential applications by adequately setting its parameters. When in beacon-enabled mode, the protocol can provide timeliness guarantees by using its Guaranteed Time Slot (GTS) mechanism. However, power-efficiency and timeliness guarantees are often two antagonistic requirements in wireless sensor networks. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and propose a methodology for setting the relevant parameters of IEEE 802.15.4-compliant WSNs that takes into account a proper trade-off between power-efficiency and delay bound guarantees. First, we propose two accurate models of service curves for a GTS allocation as a function of the IEEE 802.15.4 parameters, using Network Calculus formalism. We then evaluate the delay bound guaranteed by a GTS allocation and express it as a function of the duty cycle. Based on the relation between the delay requirement and the duty cycle, we propose a power-efficient superframe selection method that simultaneously reduces power consumption and enables meeting the delay requirements of real-time flows allocating GTSs. The results of this work may pave the way for a power-efficient management of the GTS mechanism in an IEEE 802.15.4 cluster.