Energy/Delay Trade-off of the GTS Allocation Mechanism in IEEE 802.15.4 for Wireless Sensor Networks
Ref: HURRAY-TR-070703 Publication Date: 11, Jul, 2007
Energy/Delay Trade-off of the GTS Allocation Mechanism in IEEE 802.15.4 for Wireless Sensor NetworksRef: HURRAY-TR-070703 Publication Date: 11, Jul, 2007
The IEEE 802.15.4 protocol proposes a flexible communication solution for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPAN) including wireless sensor networks (WSNs). It presents the advantage to fit different requirements of potential applications by adequately setting its parameters. When in eaconenabled mode, the protocol can provide timeliness guarantees by using its Guaranteed Time Slot (GTS) mechanism. However, power-efficiency and timeliness guarantees are often two antagonistic requirements in wireless sensor networks. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and propose a methodology for setting the relevant parameters of IEEE 802.15.4-compliant WSNs that takes into account a proper trade-off between powerefficiency and delay bound guarantees. First, we propose two accurate models of service curves for a GTS allocation as a function of the IEEE 802.15.4 parameters, using Network Calculus formalism. We then evaluate the delay bound guaranteed by a GTS allocation and express it as a function of the duty cycle. Based on the relation between the delay requirement and the duty cycle, we propose a power-efficient superframe selection method that simultaneously reduces power consumption and enables meeting the delay requirements of real-time flows allocating GTSs. The results of this work may pave the way for a powerefficient management of the GTS mechanism in an IEEE 802.15.4 cluster.
Published in International Journal of Communication Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Volume 20, Issue 7, pp 791-808.